Rome is a historical capital city of the country Italy. It was chosen as the capital of Italy in the year 1870. On the similar hand, Rome is the capital of the province Roma and of the Lazio region. Rome is regarded as the third highest populated city in the European Unions. Rome is located in the center portion of Italian peninsula. Rome provides a wonderful history of the past of city while maintaining a strong political and spiritual center. Rome is confined as the oldest communed cities within the area of Europe.
After all the rough and toughs which Rome has faced in Middle Ages being physically, economically and paralyzed military Rome is still leading the power in the world. After all this Rome stood as the glory, embracing the talent and arts of the people. The Roman poet namely Tibullus first ever called Rome as “The Eternal City”.
Talking about 2019 Rome was the 11th most traveled place in the world and within the areas of European Union Rome was the 3rd most popular visited destination.
Landscape of Rome:
The ancient city Rome grew on the Palatine Hill which is the counted as one of the hills. Though the city of Rome is built inland but the area is extending Tyrrhenian Sea. The city of Rome bestride the River of Tiber which specifically bisects the city within two halves i.e. east side and west side.
The altitude of the city Rome can be as lower as 43 feet and can rise as 456 feet above sea level. From the north the city is protected from European Alps and from the east Apennine protects the city.
As the city of Rome is populated in the heart of Mediterranean Sea, therefore it experience hot, humid, dry summers where the temperature even rises above 24 °C and summers becomes quite endurable. The winters in Rome are mild. Weather in spring season which occurs in the moths of March to June and autumn season which occurs in the months of September to November are considered to be the pleasant. The chances of precipitation are quite low in this city.
Innovations of Rome:
The unequaled innovations of Romans were built by expert civil engineers and the monuments are still adored from centuries. The fusion of two symmetrical styles is called Classical Architecture and the style of architecture is still in use by modern architecture.
Rome was one of the cities which were popular for sharing and dealing the matters such as politics. Military, civil and educational issues with the help of written form of communication in the public. Some of the early newspapers were “Daily Acts”, “Diurna”, Acta” which were reached to the people written on metal or engraved on stone and thereafter was transported to the areas which were highly populated.
The circulated newspapers were believed to contain the description of matters such as births, deaths, military victories, annexation of kingdoms, games, etc.
The first time when Romans produced concrete they used it all over the Mediterranean basin building everything from monuments to building aqueducts. The magical recipe of the concrete which includes volcanic ash known as pozzolana and slaked lime which was mixed to get the results as a sticky paste.
Various historic structures such as the Colosseum, the Roman Forum and the Pantheon are still formed due to the magic concrete formed by the Romans. Romans were discharged from the duty of carving the concrete with the help of stones or woods due to the wonders their formed concrete had.
3.) The Colosseum:
The iconic and historic sight of Rome which is still adored in 21st century, the Colosseum was once a stadium considered as a massive house that could shelter spectators around 50,000 to 90,000. The building consists of four levels and it was completed after the death of Vespasian’s.
In the early times Romans experienced several advantages which includes fountains, sewerage system, public bathrooms, public toilets, etc. These amenities would be seen impossible if there would not been the innovation of aqueducts. The very first aqueducts namely Aqua Appia was built in 312 BC.
The procedure of underground water sewerage used gravity to transport the water through marvels getting along the pipelines made up of lead, concrete and stone, thereafter water reaching the center of the city. This proved the proper sanitation and the health of the common public.
Though the production or the formation of Aqueducts were officially not handed by the Romans purposely for the irrigation or water supply but this historic aqueducts was just modernized by the Romans through their exquisite skill and talent. This talent is super passed as some of aqueducts are still in use. A famous Trevi Fountain is refurnished aqueduct of Aqua Virgo.
5.) Bound Books:
History of people in ancient times was stuck with manuscripts and scrolls but Romans took a step ahead by creating a codex, which were the bound pages. Thus the bound pages were taken as the earliest or first ever personification of a book. The earliest bound pages were made up using bound wax tablets; thereafter the ingredient was replaced by animal skin which particularly helped in resembling the pages very well.
It is believed that Romans were the first to build their power over building monuments, bridges and buildings. Therefore the architectural skills of Romans helped them creating an innovative design of arch which helped the structures like The Colosseum to control their heavy weight and prevent them from deforming. The arch was used to evenly distribute the weight within the building so that it does not collapse.
The engineers flatten the shape of the arch which is specifically known as segmental arch and continuing the process by repeating the layers in order to build stronger support so that the building can resist the crumbling for a longer span of time.
PLACES TO VISIT IN ROME:
Rome has been a perfect destination since years. Being a fascinating city Rome has various sightseeing places which mostly can be visited on foot. Some possibly places are detailed below which will work as a travel guide.
1.) The Colosseum:
Visiting the most iconic structure the Colosseum is a must. Basically construction of the building was completed some 2000 years ago. The Colosseum is also famously known as Flavian Amphitheatre. The enclosure can house around 50,000 people.
The Colosseum was rewarded as one of the “Seven Wonders of the World” on 7th July 2007. In present time, the structure is located along the Vatican City. Each year millions of people come to visit the castle.
Till now Pantheon is the best preserved historic building and is a must to add in the bucket list. In early centuries the building was reformed to a Christian Church and therefore the entry to the Church is free.
Surprisingly the measurement of the diameter of the circular dome is exactly the same as its weight i.e. 43.5 m. The beauty of the dome gets enhance when the oculus opening allows the lightning to enter the entire dome which is basically the main source of sunlight.
3.) Roman Forum:
Tickets purchased by the tourists for the entry of the Colosseum can be used reaching the Roman Forum. Therefore this destination can be made a route-to-do. Roman Forum was a place where in ancient times the general public activities and religious events took place.
The best preserved temples in Roman Forum are Temple of Faustina and Antoninus. The other area of interest in Roman Forum is the main street namely Via Sacra which link the street of Piazza of Campidoglio and the Colosseum.
4.) The Palatine Hill:
Entry to the Palatine Hill can be done using the same ticket purchased for the Colosseum. As mentioned before Palatine Hill is considered to be one of the Seven Hills of Rome. At the utmost top of the hill there is an access to the cave.
5.) Trajan’s Market:
Trajan’s Market is a complex which stores historic stores, alleyways and administrative offices. This area is an ideal shopping arena.
6.) Piazza Navona:
Piazza Navona is the admired and beautiful square of Rome which can house almost 30,000 spectators. The three fountains which are fascinating and must to see namely Fontana dei Quattro Fiumi, Fontana del Nettuno and Fontana del Moro.
In Trastevere district is the ideal match for enjoying the traditional and authentic local restaurants with the vibrant feel of terrace. This place is also famous for pizzas and pastas. Some of the worth eating restaurants in this district are Antico Arco, Tonnarello and Roma Sparita.
Visiting Catacombs is must and cover almost 15 hectares area of the Rome.
How to go pin there?
Reaching through plane to Rome is the easiest of all the solution. Once reached remember to book the hotels before hand as the good ones are sold quickly.
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